Mar 22, 2016
- Have your child eat during family meal.
- Continue to offer baby a variety of healthy foods. Baby can now take mostly table food. Appetite normally lessens and weight gain slows over the next 6-12 months.
- Transition to whole cow’s milk. 300-500ml/day is recommended.
- Nuts, popcorn, and hard raw fruits or vegetables are choking hazards. Cut grapes and hot dogs into small pieces.
- Encourage self-feeding and use of a small plate and cup. Wean bottle and pacifier.
- Discuss possible needs for vitamins and/or fluoride supplement.
- Limit 100% juice use of water is preferred.
- No added salt and sugar to infant food.
- Use approved rear facing car seat in the back seat of all vehicles. Rear facing is safer for children under 2 years old.
- Continue child proofing and poison proofing. Use gates on stairs, lock cupboards, cover outlets, put electrical cords out of reach, bolt top heavy furniture to wall, keep toilet lid closed, do not keep loaded guns in the house.
- Be careful with hot liquids on stove or table: move them back from the edge and turn pot handles to back of stove.
- Supervise around water (pools, bathtub, ponds and beach).
- Wear sunscreen and a hat. May use insect repellent with DEET<10%.
- Continue to keep your baby’s environment free of smoke. Avoid lead exposure.
- Know and post poison control phone number:01126593677.
- Keep daily routines for your baby, establish bedtime routine. This may involve bath time, story time, and singing. Make the hour before bedtime loving and calm.
- Continue to have your baby fall asleep on their own.
- May experience some night waking; may use transitional object(i.e. favourite toy, blanket) to help soothe back to sleep. Most babies do not need a bottle in the middle of the night.
- Crib mattress should be at lowest setting.
- May transition from 2 naps to 1.
- Pulls to stand, walks along furniture, and may stand alone and walk with or without assistance.
- Precise two-finger pick up points.
- Has 1-2 words, may say “mama” and “dada”. Encourage vocalization and communication efforts.
- Looks for hidden and dropped objects.
- Imitates actions/behaviours; waves bye-bye.
- Toys/Activities : naming body parts, animal sounds, cloth books, musical toys, stacking toys, blocks and containers for in and out activity, large balls, push-pull toys.
- Read, sing and talk to your baby as much as possible.
- Be aware that fear of strangers is normal and peaks at this age.
- Encourage exploration and independent behaviour in safe environment.
- Limit TV/video/computer to 30 minutes per day.
Healthy Teeth: Brush teeth twice daily. Do not use fluoridated toothpaste until a child can spit. Wean bottle and pacifier.
Shoes: Only necessary to protect the feet from sharp objects and cold. Baby feet need freedom of movement. Use well fitting, soft soled, and flexible shoes. Make sure to have shoes fitted properly.
Behaviour/Discipline: Show your baby and tell your baby in simple, nice words what you want them to do (“Time to eat”) , rather than what not to do. Do things the way you want your baby to do them – you are your baby’s role model. Limit rules, set routines, and be consistent. Remember to praise desired behaviours and admire good qualities. Use repeated distractions and redirection as discipline. Be careful not to overdo the word “no” . Use it for important safety reminders. Use short time-outs when your child is behaving poorly. Do not spank your baby. Make sure other caregivers are following the same routines and rules for discipline.